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  • GRE试题(一)
  • GRE试题(二)
  • GRE试题(三)
  • GRE试题(一)

     

    GRE试题(一)

    Verbal Reasoning Practice Test for the GRE

    一、Choose the sentence in the passage that expresses Picasso’s individuality in art?

    Read Text

    Reading Material

    (1) Pablo Picasso is probably the most important figure of 20th century, in terms of art, and art movements that occurred over this period. (2) To say that Pablo Picasso conquered western art is, by today, the merest usual place. (3) Before the age of 50, the Spanish born artist had become the most well known name in modern art, with the most distinct style and eye for artistic creation. (4) There had been no other artists, prior to Picasso, who had such an impact on the art world, or had a mass following of fans and critics alike, as he did.

     

    1.

    Sentence (2)

    2.

    Sentence (4)

    3.

    Sentence (1)

    4.

    Sentence (3)

     

    二、 The professor stated ______ that he would not tolerate late work in any form and that the numerical grade for such work would always be zero.

    1.

    unequivocally

    2.

    humorously

    3.

    passively

    4.

    wistfully

     

    三、 Choose two words, either of which could complete this sentence, and provide appropriate meaning.

    “A life-long Democrat, Senator Strom Thurman was so incensed by the federally mandated integration of southern schools in the early 1970s that he publically ____ the Democratic platform that supported the integration and joined the opposition, the Republican Party.”

    1.

    abstained, eschewed

    2.

    begrudged, eluded

    3.

    repudiated, eschewed

    4.

    eluded, repudiated

     

    四、 Choose two words, either of which could complete this sentence, and provide appropriate meaning.

    “While the vast majority of Americans support efforts to limit hate-speech, some are concerned that excessive limits may indirectly _____ the First Amendment and limit free speech.”

    1.

    abrogate, revoke

    2.

    ratify, revoke

    3.

    obliterate, abrogate

    4.

    enact, obscure

     

    五、The passage addresses which criticism of Americanization?

    Read Text

    Reading Material

    “Americanization, which critics assert is a form of imperialism, as American culture and brands usurp those native to other nations, has spread throughout the developed and undeveloped world, leading to global recognition of brands such as McDonalds and terms such as hashtag andmeme. Each of these invasive elements of American culture, according to sociologists, has the potential to completely erase an element of native culture. In the early twentieth century, however, Americanization was synonymous with progress, as other nations hoped to match the industrial and technological successes of the United States. For example, in Germany, prior to the World Wars, government and business leaders referred to the American obsession with efficiency as rationalization. Adopting American manufacturing techniques led to Germany significantly improving their own practices and, eventually, surpassing the United States to become the world standard of efficient manufacturing.”

    1.

    It is a means of extending American rule and authority over other nations.

    2.

    Americanization led to America losing ground in manufacturing prowess to other nations, including Germany.

    3.

    The efficiency techniques of American industrialization likely helped Germany develop the means to instigate the World Wars.

    4.

    American brands are brash and do not integrate effectively into other cultures.

     

    六、 Choose the words that could complete this sentence and provide appropriate meaning.

    “Arrogant and prone to (i) ____ , the attention-seeking politician seemed (ii)____ about his dropping poll numbers and continued to (iii)____ about issues of which he was ignorant.”

    1.

    bluster, concerned, cheer

    2.

    trepidation, indifferent, anguish

    3.

    whimsy, cognizant, rave

    4.

    bombast, oblivious, pontificate

     

    七、Reflect on the passage and choose the statement that best restates critics’ complaints about Banksy and Dismaland?

    Read Text

    Reading Material

    “Culture jamming is a form of subversive art that uses corporate logos to support commentary on social justice, income inequality, and the plight of exploited workers. Activists co-opt recognizable logos, such as McDonald’s arches or the Nike swoosh, to foreground issues often unfamiliar to day-to-day consumers of these companies’ goods and services. In the summer of 2015, Banksy, the performance artist and noted culture jammer, was the focus of international news, as he unveiled a short-term exhibition in a beach town in England. The exhibition, called Dismaland, co-opted several familiar logos, including that of Disney, to make topical points within the familiar, yet subverted, setting of what he called a bemusement park. Critics argued, however, that by seeking an international stage, Bansky was not subverting, but rather reinforcing, the globalization of the consumer culture he claimed to abhor.”

    1.

    It is likely, because of the attention Banksy received for Dismaland, that the subverted logos he used could become as popular as other logos.

    2.

    When Banksy’s culture jamming efforts reached a global stage, they were no longer undermining consumer culture, but rather contributing to its expansion.

    3.

    Based on Banksy’s use of media it is clear he fully supports consumer culture, but has found ways to use logos and corporate identities to further his own ideas.

    4.

    Banksy claims to be a culture-jammer and subversive artist, but he in fact supports consumer culture with art installations that celebrate the most recognizable brands and logos.

    八、 Choose two words, either of which could complete this sentence, and provide appropriate meaning.

    “While the debate team’s argument was technically ____, the topic was so provocative that the audience was predisposed to agree with their opponents.”

    1.

    capable, positive

    2.

    absolute, precise

    3.

    fluent, glib

    4.

    cogent, compelling

     

    九、Choose two words, either of which could complete this sentence, and provide appropriate meaning.

    “The tension in the conference room was alleviated by a moment of ____, when Peter told a joke.”

    1.

    levity, mirth

    2.

    folly, gravity

    3.

    satire, triviality

    4.

    gloom, wit

     

    十、 Choose two words, either of which could complete this sentence, and provide appropriate meaning.

    “Professor Martin nodded helplessly as the ____ young woman bored him with a breathless monologue covering a range of topics, from her current boyfriend to her childhood pets.”

    1.

    zealous, vehement

    2.

    loquacious, garrulous

    3.

    ernest, keen

    4.

    reticent, candid

     

    十一、 Choose two words, either of which could complete this sentence, and provide appropriate meaning.

    “Eager to earn credibility among a group of social justice demonstrators, Mel spouted _____ rhetoric, but it was clear that he was not well-informed on the issues about which he complained.”

    1.

    flippant, impertinent

    2.

    dogmatic, reverent

    3.

    iconoclastic, dissident

    4.

    gracious, urbane

     

    十二、 Choose two words, either of which could complete this sentence, and provide appropriate meaning.

    “The CEO’s explanation of the new compensation structure was ____, leaving many employees to wonder if they would be getting a raise or a cut in salary.”

    1.

    ambiguous, equivocal

    2.

    bounded, finite

    3.

    obscure, arcane

    4.

    intricate, methodical

     

    十三、 Choose two words, either of which could complete this sentence, and provide appropriate meaning.

    “The couple attempted to mask their ____ for one another and claimed to their families that their divorce was friendly and simply a result of them both maturing into different people.”

    1.

    affinity, congeniality

    2.

    antipathy, animosity

    3.

    indifference, dispassion

    4.

    concord, apathy

     

    十四、Choose the words that could complete this sentence and provide appropriate meaning.

    “The (i) ____ taste of the pickled fish (ii)_____ the more (iii)____ flavors of the herbs Chef Gregory used in the entrée he served.”

    1.

    abate, disseminated, latent

    2.

    garrulous, lauded, lethargic

    3.

    acrid, obscured, subtle

    4.

    divergent, divested, complaisant

     

    十五、 Choose the words that could complete this sentence and provide appropriate meaning.

    “Ignoring (i) ____ and what most would consider appropriate behavior, the (ii)____ guest continued her (iii)____ about wealth inequality, even after the host of the party suggested she stop talking about politics.”

    1.

    combustion, anguished, affinity

    2.

    decorum, impassioned, tirade

    3.

    authority, moribund, allegiance

    4.

    protocol, reminiscent, arrogance

     

    十六、 Choose the words that could complete this sentence and provide appropriate meaning.

    “After years of living alone in her luxurious, (i) ____ mansion, old Mrs. Smith had grown (ii)____ and disdainful of the (iii)____ lifestyles of her middle-class neighbors.”

    1.

    indigenous, offhand, timid

    2.

    rejuvenated, judicious, hospitable

    3.

    acclaimed, shallow, brittle

    4.

    opulent, aloof, bourgeois

     

    十七、 Choose the words that could complete this sentence and provide appropriate meaning.

    “A (i) ____, Sanjay had no use for (ii) ____ and sometimes seemed (iii)____, blunt, or uncaring when discussing sensitive subjects.”

    1.

    connoisseur, convention, constricted

    2.

    pragmatist, euphemisms, brusque

    3.

    benefactor, moderation, cryptic

    4.

    hypocrite, turmoil, grievous

     

    十八、 Choose the words that could complete this sentence and provide appropriate meaning.

    “Mr. Sandor, hoping to encourage the less (i) ____ students in the class, held up Davion as a (ii)____ of academic excellence and asked him to (iii)____ on his success in his classes.”

    1.

    liberal, patron, forge

    2.

    boisterous, pilferer, refine

    3.

    conscientious, paragon, expound

    4.

    indistinct, dupe, elaborate

     

    十九、Choose the words that could complete this sentence and provide appropriate meaning.

    “Local biologists warned that (i) ____ expansion of residential building into the nearby wetlands would result in the (ii)____ of several unique (iii)____ species of frogs and songbirds.”

    1.

    unchecked, extirpation, indigenous

    2.

    viscous, aversion, illicit

    3.

    irrevocable, defiance, wanton

    4.

    precursory, propagation, implacable

     

    二十、 Which statement best explains the phrase “seemingly innocuous techniques,” as it applies to the passage?

    Read Text

    Reading Material

    “Sociologist William G. Staples claims that American culture has evolved into a culture of surveillance. While the ominous Big Brother of Orwell’s 1984 does not haunt our day-to-day lives, Staples argues that we are constantly watched by ‘seemingly innocuous techniques’ he calls ‘Tiny Brothers.’ He cites several examples of these Tiny Brothers, including electronic tracking of employees with GPS systems, email monitoring, and Internet use recorders. He explains how parents can now purchase kits that allow them to drug test their children at home. Even the constant data-mining of our personal online activities resulting in personalized pop-up ads are, according to Staples, a form of surveillance. This surveillance is fine-grained, so that the records gathered create a mosaic that covers multiple facets of an individual’s life. People are resigned to surrendering small aspects of privacy, such as adding a fingerprint scan to their phones, without realizing the tremendous public record that is created.”

     

    1.

    Small acts of data gathering seem harmless when considered individually, but when data are combined, the results are not as harmless as people might believe.

    2.

    Parents who test their children for drug use are invading their children’s privacy under the guise of good parenting.

    3.

    Everyone from employers to marketers to parents gather data on average Americans, but the data are mostly inconsequential.

    4.

    People have accepted small acts of surveillance as part of their day-to-day lives, as these acts are harmless.

     

    二十一、 According to the passage, why does author Staples make an allusion to Orwell’s novel, 1984, which featured constant surveillance of all citizens by way of monitors placed in all public and private spaces?

    1.

    to provide a familiar comparison that explains why Americans may be willing to accept small acts of surveillance

    2.

    to help readers unfamiliar with the novel better understand a plot that has become part of western cultural identity

    3.

    to explain what the future of surveillance will be like and to provide a warning for readers

    4.

    to prove that his concerns about personal privacy are not unfounded

     

    二十二、Which best explains the author’s use of the word “mosaic” in this passage?

    1.

    The author uses the metaphor of a mosaic to show that the data collected is “fine-grained” or like sand.

    2.

    The author uses a hyperbole, or exaggeration, by referring to the collection of data as a mosaic.

    3.

    The author uses the metaphor of a mosaic to explain how small pieces of data are put together to create a very complete portrait of a person’s life.

    4.

    In biology, a mosaic is an animal made up of cells of two genetically different animals. This comparison is helpful in understanding that there are many different kinds of data.

     

    二十三、

     

     

     

     

     

     

  • GRE试题(二)

     

    GRE试题(二)

    Analytical Writing Practice Test for the GRE

     

    Read Text

    Reading Material

    The following is a sample opening paragraph based on an essay prompt asking test takers to develop a position on the statement “Governments should offer a free university education to any student who has been admitted to a university but who cannot afford the tuition.”

    [1] The concept of a publicly funded high school education was once unthinkable. [2] The first public high school was founded in Massachusetts in 1821, and it would take many more years before attending high school became the norm for people from all walks of life. [3] Throughout the eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries, only children whose parents could afford tuition received an education past elementary school. [4] Access to education was based on birth rather than merit or intelligence. [5] In our world of today in the twenty-first century, we face a world where getting a college education is the new norm and required for many well-paying careers. [6] Yet access to this important opportunity is limited to those who can pay. [7] America should make college tuition free for all qualified applicants, just as it has already made high school education free.

    一、Which sentence in the passage is the thesis statement?

    1.

    7

    2.

    2

    3.

    1

    4.

    6

    二、 In the paragraphs that follow this introduction, we might expect the author to do all of the following except:

    Read Text

    1.

    Address the issue of costs to taxpayers.

    2.

    Provide examples of careers and opportunities that currently require a college education.

    3.

    Provide evidence for the claim that people from poor backgrounds currently lack access to college.

    4.

    Provide more detail about why and how the idea of public high school became accepted.

     

    三、 Which of the following potential changes would most significantly improve the passage?

    1.

    Edit sentence 1 to state the main idea of the essay.

    2.

    Edit sentence 5 to remove repetitious phrasing.

    3.

    Edit sentence 6 to provide more detail.

    4.

    Edit sentence 7 to make the argument clearer.

     

    四、Which of the following is not a possible counterargument that the author should consider in the body of the essay?

    1.

    Scholarships and student loans can provide college access to poor students.

    2.

    Government can afford to pay for public high school, but not college as well.

    3.

    People in the early nineteenth century did not need high school since most worked on farms or in factories.

    4.

    College is much less essential than high school for general knowledge and career success.

     

    五、What is the relationship between sentences 3 and 4?

    1.

    Sentence 3 makes a claim, and sentence 4 provides a factual basis for the claim.

    2.

    Sentence 4 defends the claim made in paragraph 3.

    3.

    Sentences 3 and 4 narrate historical events in chronological order. Sentence 4 states a logical consequence of the fact conveyed in paragraph 3

    4.

    Sentence 4 states a logical consequence of the fact conveyed in sentence 3.

     

    六、Which of the following would be an effective thesis statement for an essay containing this paragraph?

    1.

    This argument presents some interesting information, but is ultimately incoherent due to the author’s unclear stance on whether study abroad programs are beneficial.

    2.

    This argument persuasively addresses both the positive and negative aspects of requiring students to study abroad, ultimately concluding that the benefits outweigh the costs.

    3.

    This argument makes a case for the benefits of studying abroad, but does not convincingly argue that these benefits will be worth it for all students.

    4.

    This argument is interesting but also has some flaws that the author needs to address.

     

    七、 What might we expect the paragraph immediately preceding this one to do?

    1.

    Argue that many study abroad programs are no more expensive than studying at home due to favorable exchange rates.

    2.

    Give examples of ways that students can increase their likelihood of obtaining a scholarship.

    3.

    Argue that studying abroad for a semester is more expensive than staying at one’s home college, and give examples of added costs.

    4.

    Argue that studying abroad helps students improve language skills and broaden their cultural perspectives.

     

    八、Which of the following facts, if included in the paragraph, would potentially strengthen the author’s argument?

    1.

    Statistics detailing what proportion of college students currently choose to study foreign languages.

    2.

    An example of a scholarship and the criteria that are used to select a recipient.

    3.

    Statistics detailing what proportion of current study-abroad students received scholarships.

    4.

    A quote from a student explaining why they chose to study abroad.

     

    九、 Which of the following writing techniques is not used to enhance the author’s argument in this paragraph?

    1.

    paraphrase

    2.

    varied sentence length

    3.

    analogy

    4.

    clear topic sentence

     

    十、 Which of the following assertions, if made in the argument being discussed, would most significantly reduce the persuasiveness of this paragraph?

    Read Text

    1.

    Many students at elite universities come from wealthy families who do not suffer any hardship from paying tuition.

    2.

    Students who are highly intelligent and hardworking can typically succeed in getting scholarships.

    3.

    Study abroad programs enhance students’ resumes and increase their chances of getting hired.

    4.

    Universities that require study abroad should subsidize the added cost to their students.

     

    Read Text

    Reading Material

    The following is a sample prompt for the Analyze an Argument task.

    In response to uncertain economic times and rising unemployment, Americans are cutting back on medical care, including doctors’ appointments, preventive tests and prescription drugs. According to a recent poll by the Kaiser Family Foundation, 47 percent of Americans report that a family member has sacrificed medical care because of the cost. More than one-third say they or a family member have delayed care, and 30 percent say they have skipped a recommended test or treatment. Short-term care cutbacks, however, could lead to more medical problems and higher spending in the long run. Forgoing necessary medications to treat chronic conditions or diseases could lead to more serious complications and even hospitalization. Now, more than ever, people need assistance in taking care of their health and the health of their families. Resources such as prescription assistance programs can help uninsured Americans better afford the medicines they need to stay healthy and to treat disease. While government officials and policymakers work towards a more permanent solution to the healthcare and economic crises, these programs offer immediate help for those who are struggling with healthcare expenses due to the economic downturn.

    十一、What is the purpose of the opening paragraph of this passage?

    1.

    to establish the importance of healthcare assistance program by creating an analogy

    2.

    to provide support for the main point by establishing that skipping needed medical care is common

    3.

    to establish the passage’s thesis that skipping medical care can lead to worse problems

    4.

    to provide an example of the harms of skipping needed medical care

     

    十二、 Which of these is the thesis statement for the passage, as a whole?

    1.

    “Forgoing necessary medications to treat chronic conditions or diseases could lead to more serious complications and even hospitalization.”

    2.

    “Short-term care cutbacks, however, could lead to more medical problems and higher spending in the long run.”

    3.

    “In response to uncertain economic times and rising unemployment, Americans are cutting back on medical care, including doctors’ appointments, preventive tests and prescription drugs.”

    4.

    “Now, more than ever, people need assistance in taking care of their health and the health of their families.”

     

    十三、 Which of the following would be an effective thesis statement for an essay analyzing this argument?

    Read Text

    1.

    This essay ultimately is not persuasive because the author fails to justify the claim that American taxpayers can afford the added cost of assistance programs.

    2.

    The author of this essay persuasively argues that healthcare is important to Americans today.

    3.

    The author of this essay persuasively argues that many Americans skip going to the doctor when they cannot afford to do so.

    4.

    The author of this essay makes a persuasive case for government assistance by citing the harm that occurs when people do not have the resources to get the care they need.

     

    十四、Which of the following pieces of information, if introduced into the passage, could strengthen the argument?

    1.

    a counterargument describing a situation where failing to go to the doctor for a minor medical problem resulted in cost savings

    2.

    an example of a medical condition that becomes more serious and costly if it is not treated promptly

    3.

    a description of how the Kaiser Family Foundation poll was conducted

    4.

    a quote from an American voter who is undecided about prescription assistance programs

     

    十五、Which of the following critiques of the argument would be most valid if made in an analysis paper?

    1.

    The author does not differentiate between diseases that do and do not become worse if untreated.

    2.

    The author does not explain what the consequences of failing to create government assistance programs will be.

    3.

    The argument is not structured correctly because the author does not open with the thesis or use five-paragraph form.

    4.

    The author does not state whether there are any potential solutions that do not involve government assistance programs.

     

    Reading Material

    The following is a sample conclusion paragraph for an issue essay addressing the following prompt: “Some people believe that corporations have a responsibility to promote the well-being of the societies and environments in which they operate. Others believe that the only responsibility of corporations, provided they operate within the law, is to make as much money as possible. Write a response in which you discuss which view more closely aligns with your own position and explain your reasoning for the position you take.”

    [1] Thus we can see that the most important responsibility corporations have in society is to the shareholders. [2] This is true for the following reasons, discussed above. [3] If companies do not make it their goal to make a profit, they will not earn any money. [4] It is the job of charities and the government to improve society, not of corporations. [5] And finally, the share holders will not continue to invest in a company if it does not make any money. [5] Thus it is a logical fallacy to argue that corporations have a responsibility to society or the environment.

     

    十六、Which of the following statements, from the GRE Analytical Writing scoring guide, apply to this passage?

    1.

    is weak in the use of relevant reasons or examples or relies largely on unsupported claims

    2.

    has severe problems in language and sentence structure that persistently interfere with meaning

    3.

    conveys ideas fluently and precisely, using effective vocabulary and sentence variety

    4.

    develops the position with logically sound reasons and/or well-chosen examples

     

    十七、 Which of these flaws in reasoning or expression do not appear in the passage?

    1.

    restating information from previous paragraphs

    2.

    excessive wordiness

    3.

    reasons provided do not support the claims

    4.

    lack of topic sentence

     

    十八、Which of the sentences in the passage is an example of circular reasoning?

    Read Text

    1.

    2

    2.

    1

    3.

    4

    4.

    3

    十九、 Which of the following rewriting tactics would make the passage more effective?

    Read Text

    1.

    Eliminate sentence 2 and replace sentences 3 through 5 with a single example that proves the author’s points.

    2.

    Give specific examples of the arguments made in sentences 3 through 5.

    3.

    Replace sentence 1 with an attention-getting fact or example.

    4.

    Replace sentences 3 through 5 with a discussion of the opposing opinion and why it is incorrect.

     

    二十、Which of the following rewrites would improve sentence 1 in the passage?

    1.

    Ultimately, corporations’ top responsibility is to the shareholders.

    2.

    Many people believe that the most important responsibility corporations have is to the shareholders.

    3.

    As this paper has demonstrated, the key responsibility corporations have in society is to the shareholders.

    4.

    Thus we can see that the most significant responsibility corporations have in America is to the shareholders.

     

     

     

     

     

     

  • GRE试题(三)

     

    GRE试题(三)

    Quantitative Reasoning Practice Test for the GRE

     

    一、 Which of the following is equivalent to 1/2?

    1.

    500/600

    2.

    48/96

    3.

    .505

    4.

    7/16

     

    二、 Rectangle A has twice the length and 1/2 the width of rectangle B. Rectangle B has a length of six units and a width of four units. What is the perimeter of rectangle A?

    1.

    26 units

    2.

    48 units

    3.

    24 units

    4.

    28 units

     

    三、 Which of the following integers satisfies this condition: It is a multiple of 8 and the cube of an even number? Indicate all such integers.

    (A) 72
    (B) 64
    (C) 128
    (D) 216
    (E) 1000
    (F) 1728

    1.

    (B), (C) and (D)

    2.

    (D), (E) and (F)

    3.

    (B), (D), (E) and (F)

    4.

    (A), (B), (C) and (D)

     

    四、When graphed, two of the lines described in the equations below will go up from the left to the right of the Cartesian plane. Indicate both equations.

    (A) 2y=15–5x 2y=15–5x 

    (B) y+3x=7 y+3x=7 

    (C) 1/5 x=y–4 15x=y–4 

    (D) 3x–2y=4 3x–2y=4 

    1.

    (B) and (C)

    2.

    (C) and (D)

    3.

    (D) and (A)

    4.

    (A) and (B)

     

     

     

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