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  • SAT试题(一)
  • GRE试题(一)
  • ACT试题(一)
  • GMAT1逻辑题
  • SAT试题(二)
  • GRE试题(二)
  • ACT试题(二)
  • GMAT2语法题
  • SAT试题(三)
  • SAT试题(一)

     

    SAT试题(一)

    Reading: Reading Comprehension Practice Test for the SAT® exam

     

    一、In this passage, the author seems to favor ____.

    Read Text

    Reading Material

    (1) In the interest of promoting the future academic success of their offspring, many modern parents access commercial learning programs. (2) Beginning as early as infancy, these programs actually teach beginning reading skills, such as letter and word identification. (3) As a result, parents and infants maybe observed spending an inordinate amount of time in front of printed matter. (4) While longitudinal data on the effects of these practices is still inconclusive, one has to wonder if the time spent on such academic pursuits usurps the power of traditional parent-infant bonding experiences. (5) We do know that infants are innately drawn to focus their eyes on a human face and that much visual acuity is developed during such viewing. (6) Well-documented research also shows us that children from language-rich environments develop enhanced language abilities and that language use is a precursor to later reading ability. (7) The question remains, then, is the time spent on early academic “lessons” worth the sacrifice of typical parent-child interaction?

    1.

    early reading programs for infants

    2.

    thought about the value of early academic programs

    3.

    developing visual acuity first

    4.

    parents who spend time with their children

     

    二、As used in line 4, “usurps” most nearly means _____.

    1.

    forces

    2.

    controls

    3.

    kills

    4.

    seizes

     

    三、 According to the information given, the relationship between the two children in this passage could best be described as _____.

    Read Text

    THERE was once a child, and he strolled about a good deal, and thought of a number of things. He had a sister, who was a child, too, and his constant companion. These two used to wonder all day long.(5) They wondered at the beauty of the flowers; they wondered at the height and blueness of the sky; they wondered at the depth of the bright water; hey wondered at the goodness and the power of God who made the lovely world.(10) They used to say to one another sometimes, Supposing all the children upon earth were to die, would the flowers, and the water, and the sky be sorry? They believed they would be sorry. For, said they, the buds are the children of the flowers, and(15) the little playful streams that gambol down the hillsides are the children of the water; and the smallest bright specks playing at hide-and-seek in the sky all night, must surely be the children of the stars; and they would all be grieved to see their(20) playmates, the children of men, no more. There was one clear shining star that used to come out in the sky before the rest, near the church spire, above the graves. It was larger and more beautiful, they thought, than all others, and every night they(25) watched for it, standing hand in hand at the window. Whoever saw it first, cried out, “I see the star!” And often they cried out both together, knowing so well when it would rise, and where. So they grew to be such friends with it, that before(30) lying down in their beds, they always looked out once again, to bid it good night; and when they were turning around to sleep, they used to say, “God bless the star!”

    1.

    antagonistic

    2.

    familial

    3.

    collegial

    4.

    adventurous

     

    四、 The author used many details in this passage to illustrate the fact that:

    1.

    the children live in the city

    2.

    the children’s relationship is a close one

    3.

    the brother is older than the sister

    4.

    the children are sad

     

     

    五、From statements made in the passage, the reader can assume that:

    1.

    the children are under age ten

    2.

    the boy likes other children

    3.

    the children view the stars often

    4.

    the children have had lessons in astronomy

     

    六、The information given in lines 32 to 36 suggests that the main character:

    The information given in lines 32 to 36 suggests that the main character:

    When his time was up, he wandered again about Paris, with the eye of the police on him, much like the cockchafers that cruel children keep flying tied to a string. He had become one of those fugitive and(5) timid beings whom the law, with a coquetry of its own, arrests and releases, turn and turn about, a little like those platonic fishermen who throw back into the water the fish just out of the net so as not to empty the pond. Without his suspecting that so(10) much honor was done to so feeble a personality, he had a special docket in the mysterious archives of police headquarters; his name and surnames were written in a large backhand on the gray paper of the cover, and the(15) notes and reports, are fully classified, gave him these graduated appellations: “the man name deturc,” “the accused Leturc,” and finally, “the convicted Leturc.”He stayed out of prison two years, eating as best he(20) could, sleeping in lodging houses, or sometimes in kilns, and taking part with his fellows in endless games of pitch and toss, on the Boulevards, out near the gates. He wore a greasy cap on the back of his head, carpet slippers, and a(25) short white blouse. When he had five sous, he had his hair curled. He danced at Constant’s at Montparnasse; for two sous he bought the knave of hearts or the ace of spades, used as return checks, to sell them again for four sous at the entrance to(30) Bobino; he opened carriage doors when the chance came; he led broken-down horses to the market. He always had bad luck,—in the conscription he drew a good number. Who knows whether the atmosphere of honor which is breathed(35) in the barracks, whether military discipline, might not have saved him? Caught in a haul, with a lot of vagabonds who used to rob the drunk ards asleep in the streets, he denied energetically having taken part in their expeditions. Perhaps it was true.(40) But his antecedents were accepted as proof, and he was sent up for three years to Poissy. There he had to make rough toys; he had himself tattooedon the chest; and he learned thieves’ slang and the penal code. Another release, another plunge into the(45)Parisian sewer, but this time very short, for at the end of scarce six weeks, he was again compromised in a theft by night, aggravated by violence, a doubtful case in which he played an obscure part, half dupe and half receiver. At the end(50) his complicity seemed evident, and he was condemned to five years’ hard labor. His sorrow in this adventure was to be separated from an old dog that he had picked up on a pile of rubbish and cured of the mange. This beast loved him.

    1.

    had mostly good luck on the streets

    2.

    might have benefited from military service

    3.

    served in the army before he got in trouble

    4.

    valued military service above all else

     

    七、The word “appellations” in line 16 most nearly means _____.

    1.

    certificates

    2.

    records

    3.

    names

    4.

    diplomas

     

     

    八、From lines 27 to 32 in this passage, it may be assumed that the main character was:

    1.

    not very popular on the streets

    2.

    not very good with money

    3.

    a successful gambler

    4.

    adept at finding ways to make money

     

    九、In lines 44 through 54, it is apparent that the main character:

    1.

    has not known much love in his lifetime

    2.

    is a good judge of character

    3.

    will learn a lesson from this incarceration

    4.

    manages to stay out of jail for long periods

     

    十、 The author uses lines 41–44 to tell about this character’s _____.

    1.

    attempts to “fit in” while in prison

    2.

    familiarity with other thieves

    3.

    talent with his hands

    4.

    love of playing with toys

     

     

    十一、According to lines 22–25 in the passage, which of the following would rats probably like best?

    Having a rat for a pet has become quite common around the world. Contrary to some popular opinion, domesticated rats are clean and can be quite personable. They also require very little space(5) and care. The domesticated rat is a different breed from the wild rat often associated with sewers and other filthy places. Pet rats like to keep themselves and their habitat very clean. They are also not carriers of(10) disease that is transmittable to humans. Unlike most hamsters and gerbils, most rats are eager to interact with humans. They love to ride around on a human shoulder and investigate pockets. Rats can also learn to come to their names(15) or a familiar sound, like the opening of a treat container. Rats sleep during the day, for the most part. This makes them a great pet for someone who works all day. Your pet rats would love a little “out time” (20) with you, during the evening, when they are wide-awake. Otherwise, toys in their cages and a running wheel will entertain rats for hours. Be sure to have something for them to chew on as their teeth will continue to grow constantly if not trimmed by(25) gnawing. So, if you want a friendly, clean, and easy-to-care for pet, a rat might just be your best choice

    1.

    someone to play with them during the day

    2.

    a little pool in which to swim

    3.

    soft, mushy treats

    4.

    a piece of wood on which to gnaw

     

     

    十二、In its entirety, this passage could be described as _____.

    1.

    a promotion of rats as pets

    2.

    the description of a proper rat habitat

    3.

    details of pet rat care

    4.

    a history of the rat as a pet

     

     

    十三、The word “carriers,” as used in line 9, is closest in meaning to which of these?

    1.

    phone companies

    2.

    transmitters

    3.

    luggage racks

    4.

    people who move something or somebody

     

     

    十四、According to the passage, which one of the following statements is true?

    Bocce, or Bocce Ball, as it is called in some locales, is a game of skill. It involves accurately tossing wooden balls. The object is to position the team’s balls closest to a smaller white ball, called a (5)pallino. Teams play from opposite ends of a generally smooth court. Bocce can also be played on sandy or grassy surfaces. There are typically one or two players on a team and each team uses four colored(10) balls, which are different colors for each team.

    To begin, one player tosses the pallino, attempting to make it stop within a designated area of play. Following this, players and teams alternate tossing

    their team’s balls, with the team whose closest ball(15) is the furthest from the pallino taking the next turn. The players try to throw the ball as close to the pallino as possible. Winning of the game is accomplished by the team

    who has any of their balls closest to the pallino.(20) That team scores one point for each of their team’s balls that is closer to the pallino than any of the other team’s balls. Teams play until one team has accumulated 13 points. Winning a match requires winning two(25) games out of three.

    1.

    The last player to throw a ball throws the pallino.

    2.

    All of one team’s balls are tossed first, then the other team plays.

    3.

    A bocce player can retrieve a ball that has been thrown and throw it again.

    4.

    At the end of the game, if a red ball is closer than a green ball, the red team wins the game.

     

     

    十五、According to this passage, a good bowler would do all of these things, except:

    Open Document

    1.

    aim at the bowling pins before rolling the ball

    2.

    be very aware of his/her foot placement before bowling

    3.

    have to think about several things at one time while bowling

    4.

    remember which of the boards at which to aim for particular shots

     

     

    十六、 The word “shot” in line 18 most nearly means _____.

    Open Document

    1.

    the attempt of a task

    2.

    the aiming of a missile

    3.

    the propelling of an object

    4.

    the discharge of a firearm

     

     

    十七、The part of the passage beginning in line 43 and ending at the end of the passage concerns young Ted’s desire to:

    The clerk of the weather evidently has a regard for young people, and sends sunshine for class days as often as he can. An especially lovely one shone over Plumfield as this interesting anniversary came (5) round, bringing the usual accompaniments of roses, strawberries, white-gowned girls, beaming youths, proud friends, and stately dignitaries full of well-earned satisfaction with the yearly harvest. As Laurence College was a mixed one, the presence of (10) young women as students gave to the occasion a grace and animation entirely wanting where the picturesque half of creation appear merely as spectators. The hands that turned the pages of wise books also possessed the skill to decorate the hall (15) with flowers; eyes tired with study shone with hospitable warmth on the assembling guests; and under the white muslins beat hearts as full of ambition, hope, and courage as those agitating the broadcloth of the ruling sex. (20) College Hill, Parnassus, and old Plum swarmed with cheery faces, as guests, students, and professors hurried to and fro in the pleasant excitement of arriving and receiving. Everyone was welcomed cordially, whether he rolled up in a fine (25) carriage, or trudged afoot to see the good son or daughter come to honour on the happy day that rewarded many a mutual sacrifice. Mr. Laurie and his wife were on the reception committee, and their lovely house was overflowing. Mrs. Meg, with (30) Daisy and Jo as aides, was in demand among the girls, helping on belated toilettes, giving an eye to spreads, and directing the decorations. Mrs. Jo had her hands full as President's lady, and the mother of Ted; for it took all the power and skill of (35) that energetic woman to get her son into his Sunday best. Not that he objected to be well arrayed; far from it; he adored good clothes, and owing to his great height already reveled in a dress-suit, bequeathed (40) him by a dandy friend. The effect was very funny; but he would wear it in spite of the jeers of his mates, and sighed vainly for a beaver, because his stern parent drew the line there. He pleaded that English lads of ten wore them and were 'no end (45) nobby'; but his mother only answered, with a consoling pat of the yellow mane: 'My child, you are absurd enough now; if I let you add a tall hat, Plum field wouldn't hold either of us, such would be the scorn and derision of all (50) beholders. Content yourself with looking like the ghost of a waiter, and don't ask for the most ridiculous head-gear in the known world.'

    1.

    refrain from wearing the suit his mother picked out

    2.

    wear something that did not make him look so tall

    3.

    argue with his mother’s criticism of Ted’s hairstyle

    4.

    wear a tall hat to the ceremony

     

    十八、In the sentence that begins in line 8 with “As…,” the phrase “picturesque half of creation” refers to:

    1.

    wealthy people

    2.

    dignitaries in attendance

    3.

    the students in the ceremony

    4.

    the women students

     

     

    十九、Overall, the best description of the atmosphere at the event described is one of _____.

    1.

    formality and complacency

    2.

    fatigue and relief

    3.

    excitement and anticipation

    4.

    thoughtfulness and regret

     

     

    二十、After reading the passage, the reader can infer that Mrs. Jo’s parenting style is _____.

    1.

    pleasant and aloof

    2.

    firm but laced with humor

    3.

    supportive and lenient

    4.

    loving but condescending

     

    二十一、 In line 8, which of the following does the word “harvest” refer to?

    1.

    the results of the previous growing season

    2.

    vegetables ready to be picked

    3.

    the parents in attendance

    4.

    the year’s graduating class

     

     

     

     

     

  • GRE试题(一)

     

    GRE试题(一)

    Verbal Reasoning Practice Test for the GRE

    一、Choose the sentence in the passage that expresses Picasso’s individuality in art?

    Read Text

    Reading Material

    (1) Pablo Picasso is probably the most important figure of 20th century, in terms of art, and art movements that occurred over this period. (2) To say that Pablo Picasso conquered western art is, by today, the merest usual place. (3) Before the age of 50, the Spanish born artist had become the most well known name in modern art, with the most distinct style and eye for artistic creation. (4) There had been no other artists, prior to Picasso, who had such an impact on the art world, or had a mass following of fans and critics alike, as he did.

     

    1.

    Sentence (2)

    2.

    Sentence (4)

    3.

    Sentence (1)

    4.

    Sentence (3)

     

    二、 The professor stated ______ that he would not tolerate late work in any form and that the numerical grade for such work would always be zero.

    1.

    unequivocally

    2.

    humorously

    3.

    passively

    4.

    wistfully

     

    三、 Choose two words, either of which could complete this sentence, and provide appropriate meaning.

    “A life-long Democrat, Senator Strom Thurman was so incensed by the federally mandated integration of southern schools in the early 1970s that he publically ____ the Democratic platform that supported the integration and joined the opposition, the Republican Party.”

    1.

    abstained, eschewed

    2.

    begrudged, eluded

    3.

    repudiated, eschewed

    4.

    eluded, repudiated

     

    四、 Choose two words, either of which could complete this sentence, and provide appropriate meaning.

    “While the vast majority of Americans support efforts to limit hate-speech, some are concerned that excessive limits may indirectly _____ the First Amendment and limit free speech.”

    1.

    abrogate, revoke

    2.

    ratify, revoke

    3.

    obliterate, abrogate

    4.

    enact, obscure

     

    五、The passage addresses which criticism of Americanization?

    Read Text

    Reading Material

    “Americanization, which critics assert is a form of imperialism, as American culture and brands usurp those native to other nations, has spread throughout the developed and undeveloped world, leading to global recognition of brands such as McDonalds and terms such as hashtag andmeme. Each of these invasive elements of American culture, according to sociologists, has the potential to completely erase an element of native culture. In the early twentieth century, however, Americanization was synonymous with progress, as other nations hoped to match the industrial and technological successes of the United States. For example, in Germany, prior to the World Wars, government and business leaders referred to the American obsession with efficiency as rationalization. Adopting American manufacturing techniques led to Germany significantly improving their own practices and, eventually, surpassing the United States to become the world standard of efficient manufacturing.”

    1.

    It is a means of extending American rule and authority over other nations.

    2.

    Americanization led to America losing ground in manufacturing prowess to other nations, including Germany.

    3.

    The efficiency techniques of American industrialization likely helped Germany develop the means to instigate the World Wars.

    4.

    American brands are brash and do not integrate effectively into other cultures.

     

    六、 Choose the words that could complete this sentence and provide appropriate meaning.

    “Arrogant and prone to (i) ____ , the attention-seeking politician seemed (ii)____ about his dropping poll numbers and continued to (iii)____ about issues of which he was ignorant.”

    1.

    bluster, concerned, cheer

    2.

    trepidation, indifferent, anguish

    3.

    whimsy, cognizant, rave

    4.

    bombast, oblivious, pontificate

     

    七、Reflect on the passage and choose the statement that best restates critics’ complaints about Banksy and Dismaland?

    Read Text

    Reading Material

    “Culture jamming is a form of subversive art that uses corporate logos to support commentary on social justice, income inequality, and the plight of exploited workers. Activists co-opt recognizable logos, such as McDonald’s arches or the Nike swoosh, to foreground issues often unfamiliar to day-to-day consumers of these companies’ goods and services. In the summer of 2015, Banksy, the performance artist and noted culture jammer, was the focus of international news, as he unveiled a short-term exhibition in a beach town in England. The exhibition, called Dismaland, co-opted several familiar logos, including that of Disney, to make topical points within the familiar, yet subverted, setting of what he called a bemusement park. Critics argued, however, that by seeking an international stage, Bansky was not subverting, but rather reinforcing, the globalization of the consumer culture he claimed to abhor.”

    1.

    It is likely, because of the attention Banksy received for Dismaland, that the subverted logos he used could become as popular as other logos.

    2.

    When Banksy’s culture jamming efforts reached a global stage, they were no longer undermining consumer culture, but rather contributing to its expansion.

    3.

    Based on Banksy’s use of media it is clear he fully supports consumer culture, but has found ways to use logos and corporate identities to further his own ideas.

    4.

    Banksy claims to be a culture-jammer and subversive artist, but he in fact supports consumer culture with art installations that celebrate the most recognizable brands and logos.

    八、 Choose two words, either of which could complete this sentence, and provide appropriate meaning.

    “While the debate team’s argument was technically ____, the topic was so provocative that the audience was predisposed to agree with their opponents.”

    1.

    capable, positive

    2.

    absolute, precise

    3.

    fluent, glib

    4.

    cogent, compelling

     

    九、Choose two words, either of which could complete this sentence, and provide appropriate meaning.

    “The tension in the conference room was alleviated by a moment of ____, when Peter told a joke.”

    1.

    levity, mirth

    2.

    folly, gravity

    3.

    satire, triviality

    4.

    gloom, wit

     

    十、 Choose two words, either of which could complete this sentence, and provide appropriate meaning.

    “Professor Martin nodded helplessly as the ____ young woman bored him with a breathless monologue covering a range of topics, from her current boyfriend to her childhood pets.”

    1.

    zealous, vehement

    2.

    loquacious, garrulous

    3.

    ernest, keen

    4.

    reticent, candid

     

    十一、 Choose two words, either of which could complete this sentence, and provide appropriate meaning.

    “Eager to earn credibility among a group of social justice demonstrators, Mel spouted _____ rhetoric, but it was clear that he was not well-informed on the issues about which he complained.”

    1.

    flippant, impertinent

    2.

    dogmatic, reverent

    3.

    iconoclastic, dissident

    4.

    gracious, urbane

     

    十二、 Choose two words, either of which could complete this sentence, and provide appropriate meaning.

    “The CEO’s explanation of the new compensation structure was ____, leaving many employees to wonder if they would be getting a raise or a cut in salary.”

    1.

    ambiguous, equivocal

    2.

    bounded, finite

    3.

    obscure, arcane

    4.

    intricate, methodical

     

    十三、 Choose two words, either of which could complete this sentence, and provide appropriate meaning.

    “The couple attempted to mask their ____ for one another and claimed to their families that their divorce was friendly and simply a result of them both maturing into different people.”

    1.

    affinity, congeniality

    2.

    antipathy, animosity

    3.

    indifference, dispassion

    4.

    concord, apathy

     

    十四、Choose the words that could complete this sentence and provide appropriate meaning.

    “The (i) ____ taste of the pickled fish (ii)_____ the more (iii)____ flavors of the herbs Chef Gregory used in the entrée he served.”

    1.

    abate, disseminated, latent

    2.

    garrulous, lauded, lethargic

    3.

    acrid, obscured, subtle

    4.

    divergent, divested, complaisant

     

    十五、 Choose the words that could complete this sentence and provide appropriate meaning.

    “Ignoring (i) ____ and what most would consider appropriate behavior, the (ii)____ guest continued her (iii)____ about wealth inequality, even after the host of the party suggested she stop talking about politics.”

    1.

    combustion, anguished, affinity

    2.

    decorum, impassioned, tirade

    3.

    authority, moribund, allegiance

    4.

    protocol, reminiscent, arrogance

     

    十六、 Choose the words that could complete this sentence and provide appropriate meaning.

    “After years of living alone in her luxurious, (i) ____ mansion, old Mrs. Smith had grown (ii)____ and disdainful of the (iii)____ lifestyles of her middle-class neighbors.”

    1.

    indigenous, offhand, timid

    2.

    rejuvenated, judicious, hospitable

    3.

    acclaimed, shallow, brittle

    4.

    opulent, aloof, bourgeois

     

    十七、 Choose the words that could complete this sentence and provide appropriate meaning.

    “A (i) ____, Sanjay had no use for (ii) ____ and sometimes seemed (iii)____, blunt, or uncaring when discussing sensitive subjects.”

    1.

    connoisseur, convention, constricted

    2.

    pragmatist, euphemisms, brusque

    3.

    benefactor, moderation, cryptic

    4.

    hypocrite, turmoil, grievous

     

    十八、 Choose the words that could complete this sentence and provide appropriate meaning.

    “Mr. Sandor, hoping to encourage the less (i) ____ students in the class, held up Davion as a (ii)____ of academic excellence and asked him to (iii)____ on his success in his classes.”

    1.

    liberal, patron, forge

    2.

    boisterous, pilferer, refine

    3.

    conscientious, paragon, expound

    4.

    indistinct, dupe, elaborate

     

    十九、Choose the words that could complete this sentence and provide appropriate meaning.

    “Local biologists warned that (i) ____ expansion of residential building into the nearby wetlands would result in the (ii)____ of several unique (iii)____ species of frogs and songbirds.”

    1.

    unchecked, extirpation, indigenous

    2.

    viscous, aversion, illicit

    3.

    irrevocable, defiance, wanton

    4.

    precursory, propagation, implacable

     

    二十、 Which statement best explains the phrase “seemingly innocuous techniques,” as it applies to the passage?

    Read Text

    Reading Material

    “Sociologist William G. Staples claims that American culture has evolved into a culture of surveillance. While the ominous Big Brother of Orwell’s 1984 does not haunt our day-to-day lives, Staples argues that we are constantly watched by ‘seemingly innocuous techniques’ he calls ‘Tiny Brothers.’ He cites several examples of these Tiny Brothers, including electronic tracking of employees with GPS systems, email monitoring, and Internet use recorders. He explains how parents can now purchase kits that allow them to drug test their children at home. Even the constant data-mining of our personal online activities resulting in personalized pop-up ads are, according to Staples, a form of surveillance. This surveillance is fine-grained, so that the records gathered create a mosaic that covers multiple facets of an individual’s life. People are resigned to surrendering small aspects of privacy, such as adding a fingerprint scan to their phones, without realizing the tremendous public record that is created.”

     

    1.

    Small acts of data gathering seem harmless when considered individually, but when data are combined, the results are not as harmless as people might believe.

    2.

    Parents who test their children for drug use are invading their children’s privacy under the guise of good parenting.

    3.

    Everyone from employers to marketers to parents gather data on average Americans, but the data are mostly inconsequential.

    4.

    People have accepted small acts of surveillance as part of their day-to-day lives, as these acts are harmless.

     

    二十一、 According to the passage, why does author Staples make an allusion to Orwell’s novel, 1984, which featured constant surveillance of all citizens by way of monitors placed in all public and private spaces?

    1.

    to provide a familiar comparison that explains why Americans may be willing to accept small acts of surveillance

    2.

    to help readers unfamiliar with the novel better understand a plot that has become part of western cultural identity

    3.

    to explain what the future of surveillance will be like and to provide a warning for readers

    4.

    to prove that his concerns about personal privacy are not unfounded

     

    二十二、Which best explains the author’s use of the word “mosaic” in this passage?

    1.

    The author uses the metaphor of a mosaic to show that the data collected is “fine-grained” or like sand.

    2.

    The author uses a hyperbole, or exaggeration, by referring to the collection of data as a mosaic.

    3.

    The author uses the metaphor of a mosaic to explain how small pieces of data are put together to create a very complete portrait of a person’s life.

    4.

    In biology, a mosaic is an animal made up of cells of two genetically different animals. This comparison is helpful in understanding that there are many different kinds of data.

     

    二十三、

     

     

     

     

     

     

  • ACT试题(一)

    ACT试题(一)

    Reading

    The Reading section of the ACT test measures your comprehension skills by providing a passage from which you should be able to read, then find explicitly stated details, infer from text, draw conclusions, and make comparisons and generalizations. Roughly 25% of the passages come from each of these subject areas: Social Studies, Natural Sciences, Literature, and Humanities.

    Most of the reading questions refer to a single passage, but the ACT test has introduced “paired passages,” for which you will need to refer to two separate short paragraphs on the same topic to answer questions. During the Reading section of the ACT test, you have 35 minutes to answer 40 questions. You need to read passages thoroughly, but quickly, attempting to gain the most meaning while wasting no time. This would be a good thing to practice during your preparation.

     

    This is an excerpt of a literary passage written by Edgar Allen Poe.

    But the Prince Prospero was happy and dauntless and sagacious. When his dominions were half depopulated, he summoned to his presence a thousand hale and light-hearted friends from among the knights and dames of his court, and with these retired to the deep seclusion of one of his castellated abbeys. This was an extensive and magnificent structure, the creation of the prince’s own eccentric yet august taste. A strong and lofty wall girdled it in. This wall had gates of iron. The courtiers, having entered, brought furnaces and massy hammers and welded the bolts. They resolved to leave means neither of ingress or egress to the sudden impulses of despair or of frenzy from within. The abbey was amply provisioned. With such precautions the courtiers might bid defiance to contagion. The external world could take care of itself. In the meantime it was folly to grieve, or to think. The prince had provided all the appliances of pleasure. There were buffoons, there were improvisatori, there were ballet-dancers, there were musicians, there was Beauty, there was wine. All these and security were within. Without was the “Red Death.”

    It was toward the close of the fifth or sixth month of his seclusion, and while the pestilence raged most furiously abroad, that the Prince Prospero entertained his thousand friends at a masked ball of the most unusual magnificence.

    It was a voluptuous scene, that masquerade. But first let me tell of the rooms in which it was held. There were seven – an imperial suite. In many palaces, however, such suites form a long and straight vista, while the folding doors slide back nearly to the walls on either hand, so that the view of the whole extent is scarcely impeded. Here the case was very different; as might have been expected from the duke’s love of the bizarre. The apartments were so irregularly disposed that the vision embraced but little more than one at a time. There was a sharp turn at every twenty or thirty yards, and at each turn a novel effect. To the right and left, in the middle of each wall, a tall and narrow Gothic window looked out upon a closed corridor which pursued the windings of the suite. These windows were of stained glass whose color varied in accordance with the prevailing hue of the decorations of the chamber into which it opened. That at the eastern extremity was hung, for example, in blue – and vividly blue were its windows. The second chamber was purple in its ornaments and tapestries, and here the panes were purple. The third was green throughout, and so were the casements. The fourth was furnished and lighted with orange – the fifth with white – the sixth with violet. The seventh apartment was closely shrouded in black velvet tapestries that hung all over the ceiling and down the walls, falling in heavy folds upon a carpet of the same material and hue. But in this chamber only, the color of the windows failed to correspond with the decorations. The panes here were scarlet – a deep blood color. Now in no one of the seven apartments was there any lamp or candelabrum, amid the profusion of golden ornaments that lay scattered to and fro or depended from the roof. There was no light of any kind emanating from lamp or candle within the suite of chambers. But in the corridors that followed the suite, there stood, opposite to each window, a heavy tripod, bearing a brazier of fire that protected its rays through the tinted glass and so glaringly illumined the room. And thus were produced a multitude of gaudy and fantastic appearances. But in the western or black chamber the effect of the fire-light that streamed upon the dark hangings through the blood-tinted panes, was ghastly in the extreme, and produced so wild a look upon the countenances of those who entered, that there were few of the company bold enough to set foot within its precincts at all.

    It was in this apartment, also, that there stood against the western wall, a gigantic clock of ebony. Its pendulum swung to and fro with a dull, heavy, monotonous clang; and when the minute-hand made the circuit of the face, and the hour was to be stricken, there came from the brazen lungs of the clock a sound which was clear and loud and deep and exceedingly musical, but of so peculiar a note and emphasis that, at each lapse of an hour, the musicians of the orchestra were constrained to pause, momentarily, in their performance, to hearken to the sound; and thus the waltzers perforce ceased their evolutions; and there was a brief disconcert of the whole gay company; and, while the chimes of the clock yet rang, it was observed that the giddiest grew pale, and the more aged and sedate passed their hands over their brows as if in confused reverie or meditation. But when the echoes had fully ceased, a light laughter at once pervaded the assembly; the musicians looked at each other and smiled as if at their own nervousness and folly, and made whispering vows, each to the other, that the next chiming of the clock should produce in them no similar emotion; and then, after the lapse of sixty minutes, (which embrace three thousand and six hundred seconds of the Time that flies,) there came yet another chiming of the clock, and then were the same disconcert and tremulousness and meditation as before.

     

    一、What is the author’s attitude toward the prince?

    1. He views the prince as an immature child.

    2.  He views the prince as misguided, but ultimately good at heart. 

    3. He holds the prince in high regard. 

    4. He regards the prince as selfish and cruel.

     

         二、What is the purpose of the author’s inclusion of the castle’s decorations and guests’ clothing? 

    1Poe used the descriptions to allow the reader to feel as though they are a part of the story.

    2. Poe included the descriptions as symbols, such as using red to imply love, or green to imply new growth. 

    3. Poe included these descriptors to allow the audience to glean a greater understanding of the prince’s surroundings. 

    4. Poe included these descriptions to highlight the vast difference between the classes, including the nonchalance and opulence of the wealthy.

     

    三、Given the context of the word, what is the meaning of “sagacious”?

    1Hardened to the difficulties of life

    2To be shrewd or clever in judgment or action

      3To offer wisdom or counsel to others without regard to oneself

    4. To be benevolent and thoughtful toward one’s fellow man

     

    四、 This piece is what is known as an allegory. According to this passage, what is the primary allegorical theme found within the body of Poe’s “The Masque of the Red Death”?

    1. The importance of maintaining drastically different caste systems

    2. The allegorical theme found in this passage is the inevitable falling-out between people

    3. The futility of money in preventing the eventual presence of death or illness

    4. The importance of making time for the good things in life, such as spending time with family and friends

     

               五、Why is the prince’s decision to hold a ball such an egregious act?

      1.The prince’s ball is appalling because he failed to acknowledge the suffering of his guests at the hands of the clock tower and the room bathed in dark colors.

      2.The prince’s decision is an egregious one because he allows his home to become overcrowded and filled with commoners.

      3.The prince’s decision is appalling because he focuses all of his resources on a party, barricaded against the sick and the poor rather than helping the less fortunate as they literally rot away.

      4.The prince’s ball was an atrocious misstep because he failed to provide his guests with adequate safety measures and procedures.

     

               六、 Given the descriptions of the prince, his peers, and those who are not present at the party, what time period/system is this passage evocative of?

       1 The middle ages/the feudal system

    2. The renaissance/a parliament-based government

      3. The 1800s/colonialism

      4. The 18th century/a democratic republic

     

            七、 What details support the notion that the prince is an unlikeable character?

     1 .”…the duke’s love of the bizarre…” and “…the giddiest grew pale…”

     2. ”…eccentric, yet august taste…” and “…prince had provided all the appliances of pleasure…”

     3. ”…eccentric, yet august taste…” and “…produced so wild a look upon the countenances…”

     4. ”…Prince Prospero was happy and dauntless…” and “resolved to leave means neither of ingress or egress…”

     

     

     

     

                八、 What does the following passage say about the effect of the clock upon the guests?

      1. The clock was noisy and cumbersome and caused the prince’s guest some agitation or frustration.

    2. The clock reminded the guests of their lives outside of the prince’s abbey or castle.

      3. The clock was an unsettling reminder to the guests, both because it pulled them from their celebrations and because it signified the passing of time.

    4. The clock was far too loud, and was widely regarded with distaste, despite the prince’s high regard for both the clock and the room in which it stood.

     

           九、 All of the following details are used to describe the prince’s party, save one. Which of the following is not used to describe the party?

    1. vividly blue”

    2. “waltzers ceased”

    3. “there was Beauty”

    4. “extensive and magnificent” 

     

           十、What is the significance of Poe’s title (“The Masque of the Red Death”)?

       1The title alludes to the uprising of the ignored peasants.

      2. The title serves as both a summary of the story and offers readers a sense of foreshadowing.

      3. The title refers to the ball the prince is holding.

      4. The title is an allegory.

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

  • GMAT1逻辑题

    GMAT1逻辑题

    Only a reduction of 10 percent in the number of scheduled flights using Greentown's airport will allow the delays that are so common there to be avoided. Hevelia airstrip, 40 miles away, would, if upgraded and expanded, be an attractive alternative for fully 20 percent of the passengers using Greentown airport. Nevertheless, experts reject the claim that turning Hevelia into a full-service airport would end the chronic delays at Greentown.

    Which of the following, if true, most helps to justify experts' position?

     

    A Turning Hevelia into a full-service airport would require not only substantial construction at the airport itself, but also the construction of new access highways.

    B A second largely undeveloped airstrip close to Greentown airport would be a more attractive alternative than Hevelia for many passengers who now use Greentown.

    C Hevelia airstrip lies in a relatively undeveloped area but would, if it became a full-service airport, be a magnet for commercial and residential development.

    D If an airplane has to wait to land, the extra jet fuel required adds significantly to the airline's costs.

    E Several airlines use Greentown as a regional hub, so that most flights landing at Greentown have many passengers who then take different flights to reach their final destinations.

     

    正确答案:

    E

     

    题目翻译:

    G机场需要减少10%的客流才能避免目前的拥挤。附近的H机场如果升级扩建,能分流掉G机场20%的客流。然而专家却认为扩建H机场并没有什么作用。

     

    选项分析:

    A 需要很多基础建设,投入成本高。成本高和H机场是否有用没有关系。联想陷阱。排除

    B 另一个并不发达的机场对用户来说更有吸引力 与H机场无关,联想陷阱。排除

    C 这个地方并不发达 所以这个机场能成为一个商业中心。同B。无关选项。排除

    D 飞机在空中盘旋要更多成本 还是成本问题 无关选项。排除

    E 很多人用这地方作为中转站 这选项说的是G机场不能被替换的功能,即使建成了H机场大家还是会使用G机场作为中转站,所以H机场扩建没有用,无法解决拥挤问题。

    正确选项

    E

     

     

  • SAT试题(二)

     

    SAT试题(二)

    Reading: Sentence Completion Practice Test for the SAT® exam

    一、Kelly believed the red bird landing on her teacup to be a ___, a sign that something momentous was about to happen.

    1.

    nuisance

    2.

    threat

    3.

    portent

    4.

    Miracle

     

    二、 Billy played quarterback for his high school football team. He was known for his hard hits, despite his ____ appearance.

    1.

    overweight

    2.

    handsome

    3.

    delicate

    4.

    muscular

     

    三、 Because Annie had lost so much weight, she was able to wear clothes that hadn’t fit her in years. However, since her weight loss was so quick, she had to contend with ___ and dizziness.

    1.

    dancing

    2.

    fatigue

    3.

    euphoria

    4.

    scratching

     

    四、 Caroline adored Randolph and he, in turn, worshiped her. Their ___ and ___ were legendary.

    1.

    love and devotion

    2.

    apathy and disinterest

    3.

    awareness and perception

    4.

    drive and zeal

     

    五、 Alisa was overwhelmed by the loud music at the party and decided to go outside. She was unpleasantly surprised by the effect of the ___ evening air after the ___ air inside.

    1.

    clean … smokey

    2.

    sultry … cool

    3.

    quiet … loud

    4.

    dark … light

     

    六、 Abraham was a great prize fighter. He loved the sound of his ___ hitting the ___ most of all.

    1.

    trainer … ringmaster

    2.

    ringmaster … bell

    3.

    opponent … mat

    4.

    feet … pavement

     

    七、 No matter how many books Caroline read, she couldn’t get enough. Having her vision restored by the experimental surgery had made her __.

    1.

    sensible

    2.

    illiterate

    3.

    insatiable

    4.

    hungry

     

    八、 Wayne was a rap artist. Because he spent nights writing songs and hanging out with his friends, he slept all day. He was always in a fog. Having his days and nights mixed up kept him in a _____.

    1.

    pickle

    2.

    twitter

    3.

    daze

    4.

    whirl

     

    九、 Peter was sent to the principal’s office for his _____ responses to his teacher. His failure to take the class seriously had finally gotten him in trouble.

    1.

    flippant

    2.

    quirky

    3.

    quick

    4.

    thoughtful

     

    十、 Virginia was constantly using _____ to make her points. It drove her friends crazy the way she would say, “Billy is a mighty oak,” or “Amanda is a never-ending fountain.”

    1.

    similes

    2.

    comparisons

    3.

    metaphors

    4.

    jokes

     

    十一、 “Mommy, that dog just smiled at me.” Johnny jumped up and down next to his mother. Of course Elizabeth knew that dogs didn’t really smile, and that her son was just humanizing it. Still, she smiled, enjoying the _____.

    1.

    simile

    2.

    afternoon

    3.

    personification

    4.

    animal

     

    十二、 Mel was a ballroom dance instructor. He was remarkably light on his feet despite his _____ frame.

    1.

    boney

    2.

    excellent

    3.

    heavy

    4.

    delicate

     

    十三、 Like many 7-year-old boys today, Andrew suffers from Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD). He does not take any medications for it. Despite the difficulties caused by the textbook restlessness and distractibility, Andrew has found some ways to cope and to be _____ during class time.

    1.

    lazier

    2.

    jumpier

    3.

    louder

    4.

    calmer

     

    十四、 Elizabeth is a renowned concert pianist. Although her Mozart and Bach are nearly flawless, her Beethoven is _____.

    1.

    appalling

    2.

    acceptable

    3.

    beautiful

    4.

    technical

     

    十五、 Poncho owned a large company that employed over 500 workers. Despite his success, Poncho was not _____.

    1.

    solvent

    2.

    married

    3.

    revered

    4.

    depressed

     

    十六、 Because Caroline was a gymnast, she was very _____.

    1.

    limber

    2.

    smart

    3.

    friendly

    4.

    unhappy

     

    十七、 Jesse just bought a new tablet computer for college. A better version went on sale for less than his the very next day. Jesse _____ to the store involved.

    1.

    cried

    2.

    complained

    3.

    waited

    4.

    slept

     

    十八、 Tracey sent her computer in to the dealer’s depot to be fixed. Because she forgot and left the micro controller for her mouse in the USB port, and it was not returned with the computer, her mouse is now _____.

    1.

    missing

    2.

    pink

    3.

    expensive

    4.

    useless

     

    十九、 Kenji bought a signed print from his favorite artist. By a stroke of luck, he was able to get the artist to write a note to him as well. But because the personal note written by the artist is on the back of the print, Kenji can’t frame it unless his frame is _____ on both sides.

    1.

    square

    2.

    blue

    3.

    glass

    4.

    closed

     

    二十、 Ryuk Jong Su is a Manwa artist. A Manwa (like Manga) is a graphic novel, like a full length black and white comic. His work is both ___ and ___.

    1.

    bright and colorful

    2.

    dull and boring

    3.

    creative and imaginative

    4.

    terrible and frightful

     

     

     

  • GRE试题(二)

     

    GRE试题(二)

    Analytical Writing Practice Test for the GRE

     

    Read Text

    Reading Material

    The following is a sample opening paragraph based on an essay prompt asking test takers to develop a position on the statement “Governments should offer a free university education to any student who has been admitted to a university but who cannot afford the tuition.”

    [1] The concept of a publicly funded high school education was once unthinkable. [2] The first public high school was founded in Massachusetts in 1821, and it would take many more years before attending high school became the norm for people from all walks of life. [3] Throughout the eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries, only children whose parents could afford tuition received an education past elementary school. [4] Access to education was based on birth rather than merit or intelligence. [5] In our world of today in the twenty-first century, we face a world where getting a college education is the new norm and required for many well-paying careers. [6] Yet access to this important opportunity is limited to those who can pay. [7] America should make college tuition free for all qualified applicants, just as it has already made high school education free.

    一、Which sentence in the passage is the thesis statement?

    1.

    7

    2.

    2

    3.

    1

    4.

    6

    二、 In the paragraphs that follow this introduction, we might expect the author to do all of the following except:

    Read Text

    1.

    Address the issue of costs to taxpayers.

    2.

    Provide examples of careers and opportunities that currently require a college education.

    3.

    Provide evidence for the claim that people from poor backgrounds currently lack access to college.

    4.

    Provide more detail about why and how the idea of public high school became accepted.

     

    三、 Which of the following potential changes would most significantly improve the passage?

    1.

    Edit sentence 1 to state the main idea of the essay.

    2.

    Edit sentence 5 to remove repetitious phrasing.

    3.

    Edit sentence 6 to provide more detail.

    4.

    Edit sentence 7 to make the argument clearer.

     

    四、Which of the following is not a possible counterargument that the author should consider in the body of the essay?

    1.

    Scholarships and student loans can provide college access to poor students.

    2.

    Government can afford to pay for public high school, but not college as well.

    3.

    People in the early nineteenth century did not need high school since most worked on farms or in factories.

    4.

    College is much less essential than high school for general knowledge and career success.

     

    五、What is the relationship between sentences 3 and 4?

    1.

    Sentence 3 makes a claim, and sentence 4 provides a factual basis for the claim.

    2.

    Sentence 4 defends the claim made in paragraph 3.

    3.

    Sentences 3 and 4 narrate historical events in chronological order. Sentence 4 states a logical consequence of the fact conveyed in paragraph 3

    4.

    Sentence 4 states a logical consequence of the fact conveyed in sentence 3.

     

    六、Which of the following would be an effective thesis statement for an essay containing this paragraph?

    1.

    This argument presents some interesting information, but is ultimately incoherent due to the author’s unclear stance on whether study abroad programs are beneficial.

    2.

    This argument persuasively addresses both the positive and negative aspects of requiring students to study abroad, ultimately concluding that the benefits outweigh the costs.

    3.

    This argument makes a case for the benefits of studying abroad, but does not convincingly argue that these benefits will be worth it for all students.

    4.

    This argument is interesting but also has some flaws that the author needs to address.

     

    七、 What might we expect the paragraph immediately preceding this one to do?

    1.

    Argue that many study abroad programs are no more expensive than studying at home due to favorable exchange rates.

    2.

    Give examples of ways that students can increase their likelihood of obtaining a scholarship.

    3.

    Argue that studying abroad for a semester is more expensive than staying at one’s home college, and give examples of added costs.

    4.

    Argue that studying abroad helps students improve language skills and broaden their cultural perspectives.

     

    八、Which of the following facts, if included in the paragraph, would potentially strengthen the author’s argument?

    1.

    Statistics detailing what proportion of college students currently choose to study foreign languages.

    2.

    An example of a scholarship and the criteria that are used to select a recipient.

    3.

    Statistics detailing what proportion of current study-abroad students received scholarships.

    4.

    A quote from a student explaining why they chose to study abroad.

     

    九、 Which of the following writing techniques is not used to enhance the author’s argument in this paragraph?

    1.

    paraphrase

    2.

    varied sentence length

    3.

    analogy

    4.

    clear topic sentence

     

    十、 Which of the following assertions, if made in the argument being discussed, would most significantly reduce the persuasiveness of this paragraph?

    Read Text

    1.

    Many students at elite universities come from wealthy families who do not suffer any hardship from paying tuition.

    2.

    Students who are highly intelligent and hardworking can typically succeed in getting scholarships.

    3.

    Study abroad programs enhance students’ resumes and increase their chances of getting hired.

    4.

    Universities that require study abroad should subsidize the added cost to their students.

     

    Read Text

    Reading Material

    The following is a sample prompt for the Analyze an Argument task.

    In response to uncertain economic times and rising unemployment, Americans are cutting back on medical care, including doctors’ appointments, preventive tests and prescription drugs. According to a recent poll by the Kaiser Family Foundation, 47 percent of Americans report that a family member has sacrificed medical care because of the cost. More than one-third say they or a family member have delayed care, and 30 percent say they have skipped a recommended test or treatment. Short-term care cutbacks, however, could lead to more medical problems and higher spending in the long run. Forgoing necessary medications to treat chronic conditions or diseases could lead to more serious complications and even hospitalization. Now, more than ever, people need assistance in taking care of their health and the health of their families. Resources such as prescription assistance programs can help uninsured Americans better afford the medicines they need to stay healthy and to treat disease. While government officials and policymakers work towards a more permanent solution to the healthcare and economic crises, these programs offer immediate help for those who are struggling with healthcare expenses due to the economic downturn.

    十一、What is the purpose of the opening paragraph of this passage?

    1.

    to establish the importance of healthcare assistance program by creating an analogy

    2.

    to provide support for the main point by establishing that skipping needed medical care is common

    3.

    to establish the passage’s thesis that skipping medical care can lead to worse problems

    4.

    to provide an example of the harms of skipping needed medical care

     

    十二、 Which of these is the thesis statement for the passage, as a whole?

    1.

    “Forgoing necessary medications to treat chronic conditions or diseases could lead to more serious complications and even hospitalization.”

    2.

    “Short-term care cutbacks, however, could lead to more medical problems and higher spending in the long run.”

    3.

    “In response to uncertain economic times and rising unemployment, Americans are cutting back on medical care, including doctors’ appointments, preventive tests and prescription drugs.”

    4.

    “Now, more than ever, people need assistance in taking care of their health and the health of their families.”

     

    十三、 Which of the following would be an effective thesis statement for an essay analyzing this argument?

    Read Text

    1.

    This essay ultimately is not persuasive because the author fails to justify the claim that American taxpayers can afford the added cost of assistance programs.

    2.

    The author of this essay persuasively argues that healthcare is important to Americans today.

    3.

    The author of this essay persuasively argues that many Americans skip going to the doctor when they cannot afford to do so.

    4.

    The author of this essay makes a persuasive case for government assistance by citing the harm that occurs when people do not have the resources to get the care they need.

     

    十四、Which of the following pieces of information, if introduced into the passage, could strengthen the argument?

    1.

    a counterargument describing a situation where failing to go to the doctor for a minor medical problem resulted in cost savings

    2.

    an example of a medical condition that becomes more serious and costly if it is not treated promptly

    3.

    a description of how the Kaiser Family Foundation poll was conducted

    4.

    a quote from an American voter who is undecided about prescription assistance programs

     

    十五、Which of the following critiques of the argument would be most valid if made in an analysis paper?

    1.

    The author does not differentiate between diseases that do and do not become worse if untreated.

    2.

    The author does not explain what the consequences of failing to create government assistance programs will be.

    3.

    The argument is not structured correctly because the author does not open with the thesis or use five-paragraph form.

    4.

    The author does not state whether there are any potential solutions that do not involve government assistance programs.

     

    Reading Material

    The following is a sample conclusion paragraph for an issue essay addressing the following prompt: “Some people believe that corporations have a responsibility to promote the well-being of the societies and environments in which they operate. Others believe that the only responsibility of corporations, provided they operate within the law, is to make as much money as possible. Write a response in which you discuss which view more closely aligns with your own position and explain your reasoning for the position you take.”

    [1] Thus we can see that the most important responsibility corporations have in society is to the shareholders. [2] This is true for the following reasons, discussed above. [3] If companies do not make it their goal to make a profit, they will not earn any money. [4] It is the job of charities and the government to improve society, not of corporations. [5] And finally, the share holders will not continue to invest in a company if it does not make any money. [5] Thus it is a logical fallacy to argue that corporations have a responsibility to society or the environment.

     

    十六、Which of the following statements, from the GRE Analytical Writing scoring guide, apply to this passage?

    1.

    is weak in the use of relevant reasons or examples or relies largely on unsupported claims

    2.

    has severe problems in language and sentence structure that persistently interfere with meaning

    3.

    conveys ideas fluently and precisely, using effective vocabulary and sentence variety

    4.

    develops the position with logically sound reasons and/or well-chosen examples

     

    十七、 Which of these flaws in reasoning or expression do not appear in the passage?

    1.

    restating information from previous paragraphs

    2.

    excessive wordiness

    3.

    reasons provided do not support the claims

    4.

    lack of topic sentence

     

    十八、Which of the sentences in the passage is an example of circular reasoning?

    Read Text

    1.

    2

    2.

    1

    3.

    4

    4.

    3

    十九、 Which of the following rewriting tactics would make the passage more effective?

    Read Text

    1.

    Eliminate sentence 2 and replace sentences 3 through 5 with a single example that proves the author’s points.

    2.

    Give specific examples of the arguments made in sentences 3 through 5.

    3.

    Replace sentence 1 with an attention-getting fact or example.

    4.

    Replace sentences 3 through 5 with a discussion of the opposing opinion and why it is incorrect.

     

    二十、Which of the following rewrites would improve sentence 1 in the passage?

    1.

    Ultimately, corporations’ top responsibility is to the shareholders.

    2.

    Many people believe that the most important responsibility corporations have is to the shareholders.

    3.

    As this paper has demonstrated, the key responsibility corporations have in society is to the shareholders.

    4.

    Thus we can see that the most significant responsibility corporations have in America is to the shareholders.

     

     

     

     

     

     

  • ACT试题(二)

    ACT试题(二)

    Reading

    The Reading section of the ACT test measures your comprehension skills by providing a passage from which you should be able to read, then find explicitly stated details, infer from text, draw conclusions, and make comparisons and generalizations. Roughly 25% of the passages come from each of these subject areas: Social Studies, Natural Sciences, Literature, and Humanities.

    Most of the reading questions refer to a single passage, but the ACT test has introduced “paired passages,” for which you will need to refer to two separate short paragraphs on the same topic to answer questions. During the Reading section of the ACT test, you have 35 minutes to answer 40 questions. You need to read passages thoroughly, but quickly, attempting to gain the most meaning while wasting no time. This would be a good thing to practice during your preparation.

    This is a passage on a scientific topic.

    Living In a Post-Antibiotic World

    Following the release of the CDC’s overview regarding antibiotics and their use in conventional medicine, readers can reach one conclusion: a post-antibiotic world is one to be feared. As fewer new antibiotics are created, and the increasing use of antibiotics is sustained, more and more bacteria are developing resistance to antibiotic treatment, including a strand of bacteria found in New Zealand in January of 2013. This is a substantial find for the future of medicine, as it suggests that the world as we know it may be heading toward a potentially cataclysmic stage in which antibiotics are ineffective, and a simple head cold is capable of extreme destruction.

    What does this mean for conventional medicine? Antibiotics are used in virtually every facet of modern medicine. Ear infections, common ailments among the young, are treated with antibiotics. Surgery requires first lowering the body’s defenses through antibiotic administration to prevent the body’s rejection of any implements or implants used. Modern medicine is thoroughly steeped in antibiotic use, and would not function as the world knows today without the assistance of antibiotic drugs. For this reason, illnesses common in today’s world and regarded with nonchalance such as a cold, the flu, or an ear infection could easily prove deadly to those afflicted, and may even usher in a new age of past or third-world illnesses, including variations of the plague, fever, and malaria.

    Modern medicine is not the only affected industry, however; because most modern food sources strive to provide large quantities of food quickly, all food industries have become heavily reliant upon antibiotic use. This is certainly the case for those raising livestock of any kind, ranging from cows, to pigs, to chickens. These animals are typically fed a steady diet of antibiotics, as these allow the animals to be grouped together in smaller quarters, and fed a diet encouraging quick and easy fat production. Without antibiotics, the cost of red meat, fish, and poultry would all likely skyrocket, rendering meat of any kind a precious commodity. Similarly, many fruits and plants are treated with antibiotics to stave off bacterial contamination that would render entire crops inedible. A post-antibiotic era would force the entire food industry to raise prices due to lower production and a greater likelihood of failure.

    While these revelations are certainly alarming, a seemingly post-antibiotic world can be ushered in with grace—given the immediate action taken by scientists and doctors alike. Given the time and funding, doctors and scientists may be able to do several things to ward off the dangers of a post-antibiotic era. These include developing newer antibiotic strains—a practice that has long been all but abandoned due to its high cost and low profit yield—and developing greater research regarding new strains of bacteria resistant to most antibiotics. While these steps may seem small or easy, both require high levels of funding in a time where funding is increasingly difficult to come by.

     

    一、What is the purpose of this passage?

    1. To urge readers to talk to local and state government regarding antibiotic use

    2. To prevent readers from overusing antibiotics in the future

    3. To inform readers of what the post-antibiotic era is, and how it can be prevented

    4. To frighten readers into staying away from conventional medicine, including the use of antibiotics

     

         二、 What is the main idea of the second paragraph?

    1Antibiotic use is an essential aspect of modern medicine, and modern medicine will cease to exist without it.

    2.The post-antibiotic era is upon us and must be stopped.

    3.Without antibiotics, illnesses such as malaria may run rampant.

    4.The United States is entering a period known as the “post-antibiotic era” and methods of prevention must be enforced.

     

    三、In the first paragraph, the word “cataclysmic” is used. Given the context of the word, what is the meaning of “cataclysmic”?

    1Disastrous; indicative of great change

    2Unexpected; indescribable

      3 Novel; unprecedented

      4.Ineffectual; hopeless

     

    四、What type of writing does this passage exemplify?

    1. expository

    2. persuasive 

    3. narrative

    4. descriptive

     

          五、According to the passage, what has led to the post-antibiotic era?

        1. The failure in modern medicine to accurately identify bacterial strains

    2. Over-use of antibiotics and the failure to create newer, stronger antibiotic strains

      3.The failure of medical labs to create adequate medicine and a lack of funding in the medical industry

      4.Doctors’ failure to adequately quarantine patients with antibiotic-resistant illnesses

     

           六、 The passage suggests that the post-antibiotic era will be one of great __.

      1. innovation

    2. turmoil

    3. education

    4. peace

     

            七、 The passage made a point of identifying New Zealand as a country suffering from the advent of antibiotic-resistant bacteria. Why might the author have thought this point important?

     1. The point is pivotal in a sense that it demonstrates how to prevent the onset of an antibiotic-resistant bacterial infection.

     2.The point is important because it indicates the areas that readers should avoid.

     3.The point is important because it reveals that New Zealand is the origin point of these bacteria.

     4.This point is important because it illustrates that the issue is a worldwide concern.

     

            八、Which of the following is not a consequence of a post-antibiotic world?

      1.Greater fatalities from simple illnesses

     2.Increased food prices

      3.Decreased treatment options

      4.Decreased medical coverage

     

           九、 Which of the following is a characteristic of the bacteria the article fears?

      1. The bacteria will travel from continent to continent without warning.

      2. The bacteria will lead to “superbugs” that will result in a resurgence of the Black Death.

      3. The bacteria will resist all current forms of antibiotics.

      4. The bacteria will replicate at an alarming rate.

     

           十、What prompted the creation of the passage?

       1The upcoming legislation regarding antibiotic use.

      2.The release of the CDC’s overview of the post-antibiotic era.

      3.The discovery of an antibiotic-resistant strain of bacteria in New Zealand.

      4.The revelation that more funds were needed to conduct research about the post-antibiotic era.

     

     

     

     

     

  • GMAT2语法题

    GMAT2 语法题

    Proponents of artificial intelligence say they will be able to make computers that can understand English and other human languages,recognize objects, and reason as an expert does-computers that will be used to diagnose equipment breakdowns, deciding whether to authorize a loan or other purposes such as these.

    A as an expert does-computers that will be used to diagnose equipment breakdowns, deciding whether to authorize a loan or other purposes such as these

    B as an expert does,which may be used for purposes such as diagnosing equipment breakdowns or deciding whether to authorize a loan

    C like an expert-computers that will be used for such purposes as diagnosing equipment breakdowns or deciding whether to authorize a loan

    D like an expert, the use of which would be for purposes like the diagnosis of equipment breakdowns or the decision whether or not a loan should be authorized

    E like an expert to be used to diagnose equipment breakdowns, deciding whether to authorize a loan or not, or the like

     

    正确答案:

    C

     

    选项分析:

    A. to diagnosedeciding不平行

    B. which 错误地将此后本应由前句内容中computer发出的事情修饰给紧接的名词expert

    C. 正确,还有个OG知识点:破折号前后结构要是一致的“Proponents of artificial intelligence say they will be able to make computers that can V, VV-computers that...computers 后的必须跟that,因为要和前面的computers that平行 所以一见破折号马上找其前或者后未划线部分来帮助判断划线部分的用词。

    D. B which 错误地将此后本应由前句内容computer发出的事情修饰给紧接的名词expert, 而且不简洁

    E. Like 后不能跟句子或者复杂的名词性短语,不简洁

     

    题目翻译:

    支持人工智能的人说他们能够做出一些电脑,这些电脑能懂英语和其他人类语言,辨认物体,和像专家一样思考——这些电脑会被用在这样一些地方,比如诊断设备故障或决定是否给予贷款。

     

     

  • SAT试题(三)

     

    SAT试题(三)

    Writing: Identifying Sentence Errors Practice Test for the SAT® exam

     

    一、Select the underlined word or phrase that needs to be changed in order to make the following sentence grammatically correct:

    There is numerousreasons to be unsure about the structureof the building.

    1.

    no error

    2.

    reasons to be

    3.

    of the building.

    4.

    There is

     

    二、 Select the underlined word or phrase that needs to be changed in order to make the following sentence grammatically correct:

    Infesting the animals one by one, theveterinarian exclaimed thefleas must go.

    1.

    Infesting the animals

    2.

    No error

    3.

    fleas must go

    4.

    veterinarian exclaimed

     

    三、 Select the underlined word or phrase that needs to be changed in order to make the following sentence grammatically correct:

    The company’s board, who are coming in today,is very angry about thepresent financial status of the company.

    1.

    who are coming

    2.

    present financial status of

    3.

    is very angry

    4.

    no error

     

    四、 Select the underlined word or phrase that needs to be changed in order to make the following sentence grammatically correct:

    In the tree was found two bird eggsintact, abandoned by the mother bird, so we carefullycarried them back to our abode.

    1.

    intact, abandoned

    2.

    was found

    3.

    no error

    4.

    carried them

     

    五、 Select the underlined word or phrase that needs to be changed in order to make the following sentence grammatically correct:

    If he would run for the door, he wouldrather it be more openand not shut.

    1.

    no error

    2.

    if he would

    3.

    and not

    4.

    rather it be

     

    六、 Select the underlined word or phrase that needs to be changed in order to make the following sentence grammatically correct:

    The man peered back at him with a dull stare;this was the manwhich had stolen his life away.

    1.

    no error

    2.

    peered back

    3.

    which had

    4.

    this was

     

    七、 Select the underlined word or phrase that needs to be changed in order to make the following sentence grammatically correct:

    "And to who do you belong?” he questioned the dogwhile it gazed haplesslyback at the gaunt man.

    1.

    while it gazed

    2.

    no error

    3.

    “And to who

    4.

    back at the

     

    八、Select the underlined word or phrase that needs to be changed in order to make the following sentence grammatically correct:

    It's not that I don’t like this student and wecannot work together, it’s just they are always getting into my stuff.

    1.

    cannot work together

    2.

    no error

    3.

    they are

    4.

    It’s not that

     

    九、 Select the underlined word or phrase that needs to be changed in order to make the following sentence grammatically correct:

    The jury had deliberated four days,but they stillhad not come forward with a verdict.

    1.

    no error

    2.

    jury had deliberated

    3.

    but they

    4.

    had not

     

    十、 Select the underlined word or phrase that needs to be changed in order to make the following sentence grammatically correct:

    The boys reached the house doorway, but the women were already in thekitchen readying the foodwhile they took off their muddied boots.

    1.

    boys reached

    2.

    while they

    3.

    kitchen readying

    4.

    no error

     

    十一、 Select the underlined word or phrase that needs to be changed in order to make the following sentence grammatically correct:

    “It is not unnecessary tostudy hard on these tests,” he explainedto the class.

    1.

    not unnecessary

    2.

    study hard

    3.

    no error

    4.

    to the class

     

    十二、 Select the underlined word or phrase that needs to be changed in order to make the following sentence grammatically correct:

    He enjoyed the conversation over who was the better quarterback, but he had a hard time following themany conflicting opinions seeminglyspat all at once.

    1.

    spat all at once

    2.

    many conflicting opinions

    3.

    over who was

    4.

    no error

     

    十三、 Select the underlined word or phrase that needs to be changed in order to make the following sentence grammatically correct:

    The mechanics repairing the vehicle’s fuel pumps discoveredthat their quality had diminished some over timebut were not diminished to the point of needing repair.

    1.

    that their

    2.

    repairing

    3.

    no error

    4.

    but were

     

    十四、Select the underlined word or phrase that needs to be changed in order to make the following sentence grammatically correct:

    As he sat on the roadside, the sun’s light slowly creeping further and further away and the shadowsslipping slowly in, he reminisced about the many days he had spent on this sad roadside with no one to comfort him.

    1.

    no one to comfort him

    2.

    slipping slowly in

    3.

    further and further

    4.

    no error

     

    十五、 Select the underlined word or phrase that needs to be changed in order to make the following sentence grammatically correct:

    The recipe called for coarse ground flouras opposed to the typical finely ground flour Ihad been using, which made things very complicated for me.

    1.

    I had been using

    2.

    as opposed to

    3.

    coarse ground

    4.

    no error

     

    十六、 Select the underlined word or phrase that needs to be changed in order to make the following sentence grammatically correct:

    He stepped anxiously into the bustling coffee shop,unnoticed by most because of the incessant humdrum of murmuring voices, clicking keys, clanking dishes, and buzzing blenders.

    1.

    incessant humdrum

    2.

    unnoticed by most

    3.

    no error

    4.

    stepped anxiously

     

    十七、Select the underlined word or phrase that needs to be changed in order to make the following sentence grammatically correct:

    The judges on the panel includes at least two people Ialready know and three withwhom I am acquainted.

    1.

    panel includes

    2.

    no error

    3.

    already know

    4.

    whom

     

    十八、 Select the underlined word or phrase that needs to be changed in order to make the following sentence grammatically correct:

    Construction work can be a dangerous profession,but, despite its danger, it can also be financially rewardingin the right circumstances.

    1.

    in the right

    2.

    but despite

    3.

    can be

    4.

    no error

     

    十九、 Select the underlined word or phrase that needs to be changed in order to make the following sentence grammatically correct:

    “And whom may I say sent me?” theman asked politely, a wry smilepressing the corners of his cheeks.

    1.

    whom may

    2.

    man asked

    3.

    pressing the corners

    4.

    no error

     

    二十、 Select the underlined word or phrase that needs to be changed in order to make the following sentence grammatically correct:

    If one wants to find an answer to problem three,you should first review the concepts presented inlast class's lecture.

    1.

    you should

    2.

    no error

    3.

    wants to find

    4.

    last class’s

     

     

     

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